söndag 7 april 2013

5 april Agroecology Day i Alnarp

Hela stadsodlingskursen for till Alnarp för att delta i Agroecology Day. Konferensen anordnas av masterstudenter i Alnarp. Med föreläsare och inspiratörer från institutioner och organisationer representerade i UgandaEtiopien, Brasilien, NederländernaJapan, ZambiaBelgien och Jämtland kändes det mäktigt att vara del av en internationell rörelse.

Termen agroecology var ny för mig men citatet på programbladet gav en introduktion: Agroecology has emerged as the discipline that provides the basic ecological principles for how to study, design, and manage sustainable agroecosystems that are both productive and natural resource conserving, and that are also culturally-sensitive, socially-just and economically viable. (Alteiri)

Karin Höök från Naturskyddsföreningen
berättar om ekologisk jordbruk i tropikerna.
Dagen filmades och alla föredrag kan ses HÄR.

Ali från Ett Grönare Lund bloggade sina intryck från dagen, se HÄR

Eva har summerat dagen. Läs vidare! 

Meresiane Nnassuuna, Uganda Martyrs University (UMU) and Girmay Tesfay, Mekelle University (MU) Ethiopia 
Agro-Ecology community training and education programs. Cooperation between Sweden, Uganda and Ethiopia. 

  • Short courses for agricultural stakeholders. 
  • Training of community trainers for areas converted in short courses as a follow up strategy. 
  • Introductory courses for UMU Bachelors and Masters students. 
  • M.Sc. Agro-Ecology course. 
  • Proposal for PhD program i underway. 
Mode of delivery: Theoretical parts and practical parts with farmers. Farmers innovations that are environmental friendly. Participations with fish farmers. 

A program supported by SIDA that started with 48 student and today has grown to 25 000 Students. 
Motivation: Food shortage in the country. 
Approach: Working with farmers and experimental learning. 
Training of trainers (TOT) at MU & SLU, 10 days in 2009 and 2012. 
M.Sc. Program, 2 years long education that had 80 Students in the first Batch who all are working now. 

Isabel Pepin, European Coordination Via Campesina (http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Via_Campesina), Belgium 
Representing small farming/peasant (bonde) movement in Europe.  

Main task: defending peasants rights. Food severenity most important (matsuveränitet = rätten att producera mat på sitt eget territorium). Clean, fair and local food. Organic farming. Create debates and new ideas. Sharing with people, discussing, alternative systems. Diversity is life - keep many seeds.  
There are four international meetings planned: 
  1. France (2012?) - saving the seeds 
  2. Norway, spring 2013 - what the population need 
  3. Spain, (2014?) - distribution systems 
  4. Belgium, 2015 - transmissions/teaching/spreading knowledge 
Good reference person: Pierre Rabhi (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pierre_Rabhi) 
There are no GMO in Belgium now. They tried with GMO potatoes but protestants putted in organic potatoes instead and got caught by the police. 
Farm schools - teach people to farm for themselves from march till october 2 days a week. (Free education paid from the Belgium gouvernment.) Market gardening - growing vegetables, working with horses, making cheese and bread, medicinal plants, understanding he earth and applying in work, building grind stores (höstackar), making baskets, constructing and building houses.  
Put your hands in the earth - best way to learn! Live simple - less footprint 

Aikiko Frid, Slow food, Sweden www.slowfood.com 

Large and international community defending sustainable agriculture, breeding, fishing and food production. Started 1989 in Italy by Carlo Petrini. Educating about good, clean, fair and local food. Defend our right to pleasure eating. Educating consumers to become co-producers. Reducing distance between field and fork. Educating children and adults to understand food. GMO free food. (University of Gastromic Sciences - www.unisg.it ) 
Terra Madre - annual meeting. 

Brazil southeast,  Agroforestry 

Agriculture in Zona da mata. Montainous region with many monocultures of mainly coffe plants wich resulted in poor soils. Strong influence from the Green Revolution. Started collective strategies for sustainability containing: green manure, crop rotation, wild species and polycultures in different layers. 
The small family farmers produce more food per squaremetre than conventional farmers.  
Externalities: Water contamination, biodiversity loss, human health, soil losses and air emissions.  
Federal University of Viscosa - Agri-buisness orientation, disconnectedness. 
Mimicking nature: Different fruit trees mixed with coffeplants (bananas, citrus, avocado, trees for wood etc.). The trees produces green manure and increases the source of water. Went from supplying 2 families to 8 families on the same plot. It took 15 years from bare ground to djungleagroforest 

Ileia Organisation : Centre for learning on sustainable agriculture  

Alan Imai, Shumei Japan 
Shumei organisation and Natural Agriculture. 

Project in Zambia (Mbabala district)Teaching the happy people (always singing and dancing in southern Africa)Natural Agriculture. Little water and dry plants are common. Conventionally grown maize got quicker dry and lower plants. Traditional grown maize can better survive dry weather. You get better maize if you save seeds instead of buying. This is known by the local women who teaches others this old knowledge. Get the people to help eachother. Some have much food and some are starving. Learned how to make bricks from clay and build stonehouses. Now the first school is built for children in Zambia.  

Torgny Östling, Nordbruk, Jämtland Sverige 
Small farming movement in Sweden conected with via Campesina. 

The society must be ecological if small farms shall be able to be ecological. Can not compete with conventional farming. Tried to get support by the swedish government but had to go to Norway to get it.  

Torgny and his wife has a agroecological farm with 15 mountain cows and forest. Now when it still is snow it is harvest time in the forest. Need to be frozen to be able to transport the logs. The cows are grazing in the forest and drink the water from the forest creek. Older cows teaches the younger how to suvive in the forest. What is good to eat and when to go bak to get milked. This raze produce much milk in a small body. (There are less than 5000 mountain cows in Sweden today). The number of milk farmers in Sweden has been much reduced since we became a member of the EU. Can´t sell milk or wood anymore with profit. Now Torgny is trying to sell timberhouses to survive.  
Om skogsbetet i allmänhet och det i Klövsjö i synnerhet skriven av: Lars Kardell. 
Nord REFO 
20 years back we produced 100% of our food in Sweden. We were self-sufficient. If import of food stops today the stores will be empty in 3 days. 

Karin Höök, Naturskyddsföreningen, Sweden 
Founded in 1909 and today there are 200 000 members. 270 local branches today in Sweden. Our goals are to preserve nature life, love for nature, consumers power (green week of action) and political influence. The vision for SSNCs global work are to support other environmental organizations. Create democracy. We have our own brand called "Bra miljöval". We support organic farming in the tropics. Uganda, Kenya, The Phillipines, Ethiopia and Brazil.  

Small scale farmers produces 50-70% of the world food. Organic farming could double their yields. Can organic farming feed a growing population? Today 4800 kcal are produced and 2800 are consumed. We eat to much meat today. Much of what is grown goes to feed the animals.  

2 kommentarer:

  1. Så Inspirerande:) Hörde via Twitter att det var full aktivitet i den urbana odlingssfären i Lund. Själv odlar vi i Västerås stad. Både som FarbrorGrön tillsammans med grannar men också i "Nätverk stadsodling Västerås"

    1. Skoj! Har ni någon hemsida, blogg, eller facebookgrupp som vi kan inspireras av?